Like many states, Ohio laws address a wide range of drug-related crimes. From simple possession to trafficking, the state categorizes and penalizes criminal offenses based on specific factors. What are the most common drug charges in Ohio? Here are a few aspects to know about these crimes’ statutes and penalties.
Possession of Controlled Substances
One of the most common drug charges in Ohio is possession of a controlled substance. With this offense, a person has illegal drugs, such as marijuana, heroin, or even a pharmaceutical drug without a prescription, in their possession. Often, the penalties depend on the quantity and type of substance. For example, a minor misdemeanor involves less than 100 grams of marijuana. On the other hand, someone could face a felony charge with a larger quantity of cocaine.
Possession of Drug Paraphernalia
Even having items that are related to drug use could be a crime. Possession of drug paraphernalia is another common drug charge in Ohio. These illegal items would include bongs, scales, syringes, and pipes. This offense is considered a misdemeanor in the state.
Operating a Vehicle Under the Influence of Drugs (OVI)
Ohio has a separate law for driving while under the influence of drugs. “Drugged driving” is another drug-related charge in Ohio. An individual operating a vehicle in this condition could face a driver’s license suspension, fines, and even imprisonment.
One of the more serious crimes is drug trafficking. These offenses involve the sale, distribution, and transcription of illegal substances. According to state law, there are different levels of trafficking based on the quality and type of drugs involved. These penalties can be severe.
Manufacturing methamphetamine or synthetic narcotics is another serious drug crime in Ohio. Often, this manufacturing process involves using hazardous chemicals, which pose a danger to the community. Those convicted of drug manufacturing can face lengthy prison sentences and considerable fines, especially if the operation is considered to be large.
Drug Possession With Intent to Distribute
This offense is a little more complex than simple possession. When a law enforcement officer suspects that an individual intends to distribute or sell the drug, the individual could face this charge. Once again, the penalties are based on the type and quality of the drugs in question.
Prescription Drug Fraud
When someone obtains prosecution drugs through an unlawful means, such as forging a prescription, that is considered fraud. Under Ohio law, this is a criminal offense. Convicted individuals could face fines and even imprisonment.
Some circumstances can also lead to additional charges. For example, endangerment charges could be levied if a person is charged with a drug offense and a child is present. When someone engages in criminal activity with children present, they could face additional or aggravated charges.
These charges are designed to address the state’s wide range of drug offenses. The severity of the charge and the penalties are always determined by specific factors, such as:
- Type of drugs
- Quantity of drugs
- Individual’s prior criminal history
- Presence of aggravating circumstances
Reach Out to an Ohio Drug Possession Attorney Today
These offenses are some of the most common drug charges in Ohio. Whether you are facing simple possession or prescription drug fraud, you need a skilled and experienced criminal defense attorney. These charges can have life-altering consequences; you never want to face them alone.